Why Pregnant or Cramps?

Cramps can occur at any age but tend to increase with age and especially in pregnant women.

Cramping is a sudden muscle spasm that causes intense pain in a muscle, causing the patient to stop moving. Cramps cause pain due to the contraction, usually muscle contraction, which may be due to cold weather or overexertion, impaired health or poisoning.

Although every muscle can have cramps, it most often occurs in the lower legs, thighs, hands, feet and abdominal muscles. Cramps will be dangerous if you are swimming underwater or while driving.

Cramps can occur at any age but tend to increase with age and especially in pregnant women.

Cause pregnant mothers cramps

Weight increase rapidly

The condition of pregnant women with cramps may be caused by increasing body weight, putting more pressure on the muscles in the legs leading to cramps (especially at night and towards the end). pregnancy occurs more often).

Ligament is stretched

In addition, at the beginning of pregnancy, pregnant women often suffer from morning sickness, vomiting and inability to eat, causing the body to lack nutrition, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance … leading to muscle spasms. As the baby grows, the mother’s womb must also expand to give enough space for the baby; This means that the muscles, ligaments supporting the uterus are stretched, causing aches and pains in the abdomen, etc.

Calcium deficiency

Another common cause of pregnancy cramps is due to a lack of calcium. During pregnancy , especially in the late pregnancy, the body’s calcium needs increase to “serve” the development of the baby. When the amount of calcium is not provided adequately, the mother’s body tends to “withdraw” calcium to pass to the baby. Lack of calcium makes the mother’s muscles ache, easy muscle tension, shrinkage, …

Pregnant women with cramps not only painful, uncomfortable but also affect daily activities, especially sleep makes the health of both mother and baby are not guaranteed. Therefore, right from the beginning of pregnancy, the mother needs to learn very carefully about this phenomenon to have an effective remedy.

How to prevent cramps during pregnancy

Avoid standing or cross-legging for too long.

Calf stretched often during the day and before going to bed.

Turn your ankles, wiggle your toes while sitting for dinner or watching television.

Walk every day unless you are told not to exercise.

Avoid overwork. Lie on your left side to improve blood circulation.

Drink water regularly, not to thirst.

Take a warm bath before going to bed to relax muscles.

Prenatal magnesium and calcium supplements may help women avoid cramps

Tips to reduce cramps in pregnant women

Exercise regularly

Should let the body, especially the legs be active, relax regularly; avoid standing / sitting for 1 place too long makes pregnant women cramps more severe. If working in the office, mom takes the time to stand up and walk, sit in a comfortable position, stretch and move her legs regularly. However, she also remembers not being vigorous, especially carrying heavy loads will make her legs “burdened” and cramping will occur more seriously.

Foot massage

Gently massage and massage from the thighs to the calves, toes, ankles, etc. so that blood circulation is better and the muscles are also “relaxed”.

Put your feet on a soft pillow

When sleeping or resting, she can support her leg a little high with a soft pillow / blanket to not hinder the blood circulation, avoid cramping “visit”.

Eat well

Especially drinking enough water every day to avoid dehydration, electrolyte imbalance causing muscle spasms.

Massage immediately after cramping

During a cramp, a mother may massage (preferably with a husband or relative) or place an ice pack or simply use a hot water bottle on the affected area.